By Siegfried Othmer, PhD
Surely among the most intractable of conditions encountered in mental health practice are victims of torture. A number of these were among the war refugees being cared for in Sweden, and they have not responded to conventional therapies over a period of years in most cases. After good experience with trauma victims with Infra-Low Frequency Training in Malmö, Sweden a few years ago, the Swedish Red Cross decided to do a small pilot study with torture victims with treatment-resistance PTSD of long standing. Five such individuals were entered into the study, which was to involve twenty sessions of ILF neurofeedback.